At a press conference in Budapest on Wednesday, Government Spokesperson Zoltán Kovács announced that the construction of the temporary border barrier is continuing at full speed; 364 soldiers and 112 public workers are currently working in 13 teams. The Government Spokesperson said that as of Tuesday evening, 107.678 illegal immigrants had crossed the border into Hungary this year. He said that establishment of the two temporary reception centres in Martonfa (Baranya County) and Sormás (Zala County) – each to have a capacity of one thousand people – was unavoidable, but both will be located outside inhabited areas.
Over 19 000 immigrants could be sent back to Hungary from Germany, Austria, France, Sweden, and the Czech Republic under the Dublin Agreements, Sándor Pintér, Hungary’s Minister of Interior, has said. Mr. Pintér said in response to an opposition question concerning the expected number of migrants to be returned to Hungary from other European Union countries that a total of 19 284 requests had been submitted to Hungary’s immigration authority, mostly from Germany and Austria. He said that since the beginning of the year, 66 788 people had applied for political refugee status in Hungary and over 43 000 of those procedures had been terminated because the applicant left the country in the meantime. The figures suggest, he said, that the migrants filed a similar application in another country, and, under the Dublin Agreements, they could be returned to Hungary. European Union member states returned 780 migrants to Hungary by July 16 this year, including 766 whose procedures had been started here. Fully 685 of them did not wait for a decision in their case but left the country shortly after filing a request, Mr. Pintér said.
Seit einigen Tagen campierten mehrere hundert Flüchtlinge am Budapester Bahnhof „Keleti“:
Heute wurde das Lager mehr oder weniger „freiwillig“ geräumt: Massive Polizeipräsenz führte dazu, dass die Flüchtlinge die Unterführung überstürzt verlassen mussten.
Hungary’s new asylum crackdown will put thousands of desperate refugees at risk in neighbouring countries, it’s been claimed. Amnesty International says a new law, which comes into force on Saturday (August 1), is likely to see migrants arriving in Hungary sent back to Serbia, FYR Macedonia and Greece, where they face “violence and indifference from authorities”. It says the new legislation is Hungary’s “thinly-veiled attempt to dodge its asylum obligations under international law”.
Ein aus dem Irak stammender Mann hatte im März 2015 in Deutschland Asyl beantragt, obwohl er schon in Ungarn als Asylsuchender registriert war – dort wäre also sein Aufenthalt in der EU zulässig gewesen. Das Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge wollte den 31-Jährigen daraufhin nach Ungarn abschieben. Dagegen klagte der Iraker […]. Das Kölner Verwaltungsgericht gab dem Mann am Donnerstag (30.07.2015) Recht. Sogenannte rücküberstellte Personen wie der Iraker werden in Ungarn bis zu sechs Monate lang ohne Einzelfallprüfung in Haft genommen. Rechtsschutz gegen die Verhängung gebe es praktisch nicht. Die Hafteinrichtungen erfüllten auch keine hygienischen Mindeststandards. Medizinische Betreuung sei ebenfalls nicht gewährleistet. Müsse ein Asylsuchender während der Haft zum Arzt oder zu einer Behörde, werde er in erniedrigender Weise „angeleint vorgeführt“, führten die Richter weiter aus. Darüber hinaus seien die Aufnahmekapazitäten auch in Ungarn erschöpft. Im ersten Halbjahr kamen dort rund 70.000 Flüchtlinge an – es gibt aber nur 2.500 Aufnahmeplätze. Von einer menschenwürdigen Unterbringung weiterer Flüchtlinge könne man daher nicht ausgehen. Das Urteil ist noch nicht rechtskräftig; das Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge kann noch Berufung einlegen.
Under the change, access to an asylum procedure could be denied to asylum-seekers who first pass through a list of countries the Hungarian authorities have deemed “safe”, including Serbia and Macedonia. Anyone who simply transited through those countries, regardless of their country of origin, could be rejected. Hungary has seen a spike in anti-refugee rhetoric and actions following an increase in the number of migrants and asylum-seekers entering via the Balkans. According to the NGO Hungarian Helsinki Committee, as of 10 July 2015, 99% of those who have applied for asylum in Hungary since the beginning the year – or 86,000 people – entered the country through Serbia.
The surge in immigration coincided with a decline in the popularity of the ruling nationalist-conservative party, Fidesz, due mostly to escalating poverty and corruption scandals. Fidesz‘ current position in the political landscape is an important determinant for Hungary’s immigration policy. Since the far-right nationalist party Jobbik has emerged as its single most unified opposition, the political climate has progressively gotten harsher. Not only does Jobbik function as a benchmark for Fidesz — it also controls several municipalities across the country. This has resulted in tacit support for affiliated violent far-right groups in self-appointed roles as guardians of the Hungarian nation, which currently means that they are allowed to monitor the border to catch refugees.
The number of illegal immigrants caught by Hungarian police this past weekend has surpassed all previous records, with close to 5000 people being intercepted for unlawfully crossing the country’s green border.
The Vámosszabad refugee camp in southern Hungary is dangerously overcrowded. There refugees can chose between sleeping side by side on cots indoors or sleeping in tents where temperatures reach 110 degrees. Others opt to sleep in a small wood nearby. There are not enough toilets. Garbage is everywhere. The experience is not only trying for the refugees but also for those working there. Members of the press have been forbidden by the Immigration and Citizen Authority from visiting the camp. With the help of a Socialist member of parliament, abcug.hu was able to obtain some photographs from inside the camp.