Many people are still passing through Hungary every day, and recently the importance of Hungary as a transit country has been increasing again: there are many things happening at both the Serbian and the Austrian borders and the situation is changing quickly. Even though most of the camps are full (and often overcrowded), there is very little information about the conditions there available.
Rush hour comes late to the bus station in Subotica, a sleepy Serbian town barely 10km from Hungary. It is well after 9pm when a fleet of taxis pulls up at the empty terminal. A dozen burly drivers huddle together to agree their price for the short run to the border; other cars park nearby, laden with food, water, warm clothes and basic medicines for the cabbies’ intended customers.
The UNHCR criticised Hungary for doing this “despite the fact that no other EU member state applies a presumption of safety to those countries and that UNHCR has recommended that asylum-seekers should not be returned to them.” Ms Pardavi said Hungarian officials were now pushing for asylum seekers to be returned to Greece, which is already struggling to cope with 50,000 migrants stuck on its territory.
“Wollen Sie zulassen, dass die Europäische Union bestimmen darf, dass nichtungarische Bürger in Ungarn ohne Zustimmung des nationalen Parlamentes angesiedelt werden?“ Diese Frage wird den wahlberechtigten Bürgern Ungarns im September im Rahmen einer verbindlichen Volksabstimmung zur Entscheidung vorgelegt und zur nationalen Schicksalsfrage deklariert.
MigSzol is in a good position to have access to many sources and other groups who work in the field. We make use of this by documenting the situation in Hungary as often as possible. For this reason, we are starting a situation diary. Every other week, we will publish updates with general information about the situation at the borders and in the camps that we gather from our different sources all over the country. We hope this will provide information to other organizations elsewhere in Europe to keep up to date and serve as a reference for the conditions in Hungary.
Mitte September 2015 stellte die ungarische Regierung den Zaun an der ungarisch-serbischen Grenze fertig und errichtete zwei Eingangspunkte für Asylsuchende, sogenannte „Transitzonen“. Eine dieser Einrichtungen befindet sich in Röszke, die andere in der Nähe von Tompa. Asylsuchende können an der ungarisch-serbischen Grenze ausschließlich hier legal ungarisches Staatsgebiet betreten. Eine anderweitige Überwindung des Zauns stellt eine Straftat dar.
Human Rights Watch stelle Ende Anfang April 2016 fest:
Initially capped at 100 people a day in each zone, that was subsequently decreased to 50, then 30 and now 20, leaving dozens stranded outside the zones, sometimes for many days. The Hungarian government maintains a legal fiction that neither the transit zones nor the area directly outside are Hungarian territory, thus trying to wash its hands of responsibility to provide humane conditions for asylum seekers within its jurisdiction.
Seit dem hat sich die Situation kaum verändert, d.h. es hängen immer noch etliche Asylsuchende für Tage oder gar Wochen vor den Transitzonen fest.
Two Syrian refugees – one half blind, the other in a wheelchair – are on trial in Hungary – considered as threats to the country’s security. Fattoum Hassan and Faisal Hamad are accused of joining in rioting when Hungary closed its border last September.